The Task is organized in five main activities / Subtasks, derived from the described key areas:
Subtask A: Integrated energy systems
A.1 Selection and definition of reference applications and Industries
A.1.1 Holistic overview of world’s most common industrial, commercial and agricultural heat sinks up to 400 °C.
A.1.2 Combination of selected heat sinks to derive representative industrial processes or applications
A.1.3 Collection and selection of industrial, commercial, and agricultural load profiles, both thermal and electrical
A.1.4 Definition of reference applications for different climatic conditions world-wide (to be used for other Subtask activities)
A.2 Integration concepts for solar process heat
A.2.1 Summarizing existing and development of new integration concepts for relevant heat sinks and/or applications identified within A.1
A.2.2 Investigation of required modifications of integration concepts when combining solar heating plants with other renewable or efficient heating technologies
A.2.3 Assessment of the impact of heat recovery and energy efficiency on integration concepts, achievable renewable fraction and overall energy consumption
A.3 System concepts for integrated renewable energy systems
A.3.1 Recommendations for tailor-made integrated energy systems for defined reference
A.3.2 Pre-dimensioning of solar heating plants and additional heating technologies (incl. storages) based on overall load profile and temperature level
A.3.3 Definition of specifications for simulation study within Subtask C
A.4 Dimensioning rules and recommendations for implementation (Roadmap)
A.4.1 Definition of key aspects of integrated energy systems such as hydraulic integration, control strategies and operation (What are the requirements of the different heat generating technologies)
A.4.2 Rules of thumb for dimensioning of the main components within integrated
energy systems incl. solar heating plants
A.4.3 Roadmap for implementation (within reference applications) including low hanging fruits and considering the influence of disruptive changes within future process heat demand
Subtask B: Modularization
B.1: Modular system concepts for solar process heat applications
B.1.1: Identification of those integration schemes that are more usual in commercial
B.1.2: Proposal of modular system concepts
B.2: Standard components/packages for collectors and hydraulics (easy installation; easy dismantling)
B.2.1: Identification of components suitable for “normalization” in the solar field and hydraulic circuit
B.2.2: Definition of standard options for components suitable for “normalization”
B.3: Development of a modular and scalable interface unit for solar process heat applications
B.3.1: Identification and analysis of interfaces
B.3.2: Basic design of a modular and scalable interface
Subtask C: Simulation and design tools
C.1 Identification and evaluation of available simulation tools for SHIP
C.1.1 Classify, according application, technology and simulation strategy
C.1.2 Assess the capabilities for introducing optimization techniques and time dependent energy strategies.
C.1.3 Assess tools for estimating the load demand profile.
C.1.4 Define comparative studies based on actual plants and identify the source of errors/differences observed in the different simulation tools
C.2 Simulation Tools for Solar Process Heat Systems
C.2.1 Summarize existing approaches and development of a new integrated methodology for relevant heat sinks and/or applications identified in subtasks A and standardized modules proposed in subtask B
C.2.2 Assessment of the impact of uncertainties on the yield assessment. Develop a checklist for reducing the uncertainties in simulations for pre-feasibility and feasibility evaluations.
C.2.3 Prepare guidelines for yield assessment of SHIP systems
C.3 Yield assessment of Solar Process Heat Systems
C.3.1 Assessment of monitoring strategies for Solar Thermal systems coupled to industrial processes. Analyze the options according to the size of the installation
C.3.2 Analyze the potential for using Machine Learning techniques for diagnosis and anomaly detection in SHIP plants.
C.3.3 Prepare guidelines for monitoring and assessing the performance of actual SHIP systems.
Subtask D: Standardization and Certification
D.1 Standardization Plan
D.1.1 Explore the relevant standardization and certification area
D.1.2 Analyze relevant standardization potential
D.1.3 Mapping of relevant standards
D.2 New standardization Work
D.2.1 Identify gaps
D.2.2 Proposal for new standardization work.
D.2.3 Establish links with on-going standardization committees in European level.
D.3 Develop standardization document
D.3.1 Feed into relevant technical committees.
D.3.2 Develop a standardization document according to CENCENELEC rules, specifically for SHIP: SHIP-CWA (CEN-CENELEC Workshop Agreement).
D.4 Proposal(s) for inclusion in Certification Scheme Rules
D.4.1 Explore the relevant certification schemes in European level.
D.4.2 Explore the relevant certification schemes in International level.
D.4.3 Establish links / open dialogue with committees, networks and organizations
D.4.4 Introduce relevant inputs based on the Task work and outcomes
Subtask E: Guideline to market
E1. Stimulating innovation
E.1.1 identifying the alignment of solar process heat related national research and funding programs, seeking synchronization with other worldwide programs;
E.1.2 promoting the acceleration of knowledge transfer to industry (end-user and multipliers) in the context of relevant initiatives;
E.1.3 mapping the available R&D infrastructures and disseminating potential R&D services to technology suppliers and/or end-users;
E.1.4 establishing communication structures for stakeholders (researcher/investor, supplier, industry, multipliers, relevant international organizations).
E2. Competitiveness indicators
E.2.1 to provide updated information on technology costs and cost reduction trends;
E.2.2 defining suitable energy cost evolution scenarios enabling a due perception of future heat production costs;
E.2.3 define and collect competitiveness indicators beyond cost alone (e.g. non-energy benefits NEB or multi-benefit-approach);
E.2.4 a due quantification of the “hedging effect” of SHIP towards other energy sources;
E.2.5 the use of LCOH as benchmark for the comparison of innovative heating/cooling
E.2.6 updated information on best practice examples of successful installations and
business models (e.g. www.ship-plants.info).
E3. Financing models
E.3.1 demonstrating that a “Payback driven” appraisal of SHIP is short sighted as it does not capture the NPV potential of these CAPEX driven investments;
E.3.2 gathering updated information and disseminating new trends on financing schemes and business models to SHIP, both in the scope of conventional solar fossil systems and 100% RE hybrid energy supply systems;
E.3.3 developing suitable “PPA-like” scenarios demonstrating that SHIP based LCOH is competitive with other (conventional and/or renewable) energy sources;
E.3.4 pooling available SHIP financing possibilities among potential project promoters and/or end-users.